Geometry Grade 12 : Pretest/ assessment ( questions and answers )

Geometry Grade 12 : Pretest/ assessment ( questions and answers )

 

Multiple Choice (57)Short Constructed Response (13)Extended Constructed Response (11)

Content Area

Space and Place (37)Environment and Society (16)Spatial Dyn. & Connections (28)

Cognitive Level

Knowing (36)Understanding (31)Applying (14)

 

 

 

Atlas [1]

These documents are in PDF format. Click on the appropriate link to explore the maps.

 

 

 page 5-29, plus inside page

 page 30-55

 page 56-79

 page 80-95

 

Atlas [2]

These documents are in PDF format. Click on the appropriate link to explore the maps.

 

 

 pages 6-57

 pages 60-85, index and world facts

 

 

 

1.   On the map on page 2, draw an X on the spot of the earthquake’s epicenter.

 

Scoring Guide

 

Score & Description

Complete

The response shows an X close to the center of the 20-mile circle. The intersection of X must be on or in the circular "template" on the screen.

Partial

The response shows the intersection of X on or inside the 20-mile circle but not on or in the central template as described for level 3.

Inappropriate

The response shows the intersection of X outside the 20-mile circle or the response includes multiple X’s.

 

Student demonstrates understanding of the term "epicenter."

Note: Look at the complete diagram; often there is more than one X present.

 

 

 

2.   The dotted line running across the map represents a

A.     major highway

B.     river

C.     fault line

D.     contour line

 

Key

 C

 

 

3.   Which city probably suffered the most damage in the earthquake?

A.     Lappington

B.     San Miguel

C.     Sun City

D.     Biddleburg

 

Key

 B

 

 

4.   The intensity of this earthquake would be measured in terms of

A.     isotherms

B.     the Richter scale

C.     the celsius scale

D.     barometric pressure

 

Key

 B

The following question is based on the following map.

 

 

5.   The varying widths of the lines on the map most probably indicate the

A.     strength of ocean currents

B.     type of trade

C.     volume of trade

D.     type of transportation used

 

Key

 C

The following question is based on the following map.

 

 

6.   The movement of what international product is shown on the map? Give two reasons why the product is shipped to the places indicated on the map.

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

 

Scoring Guide

 

Score & Description

Complete

The response indicates that the product is oil (or petroleum, crude fuels, crude, fossil fuels). The response gives two reasons why oil is shipped to the places indicated on the map.

Partial

The response correctly identifies the product as oil, and may or may not give one reason for why it is shipped.

Inappropriate

The response does not correctly identify the product as oil or give two reasons for why it is shipped.

 

Student demonstrates knowledge of the general pattern of petroleum import/export and the reasons for the trade.

Notes:

 

Credited responses could include

 

Countries that import oil

 

 are industrialized—need fuel as an energy source or for something—factories, cars, etc.;

 are insufficient or have no reserves;

 can’t produce because of expense of extracting from own country; and/or

 are conserving of own resources — cheaper abroad.

"Industrialized" by itself is okay. Countries that export

 have excess reserves/must have excess of oil;

 can profit from sale; and/or

 earn foreign currency for economic development.

Also accepted

 Oil—some places don’t have much; Middle East has plenty. Score is 3

Not Accepted

 gasoline, fuel, natural gas;

 oil without reason for trade is 2;

 oil with one correct reason is 2;

 oil with two correct reasons is 3;

 two correct reasons but no oil is 1.

 

 

 

7.   Give two reasons why early civilizations flourished in the valley of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers.

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

 

Scoring Guide

 

Score & Description

Complete

The response gives two valid reasons why river valleys were important to the early civilization of Iraq.

Partial

The response gives only one valid reason for the importance of the river valley to the ancient civilization of Iraq. Or, it mentions two reasons but one is unclear or general.

Inappropriate

The response gives no reasons for the importance of river valleys in the ancient civilization of Iraq. It may provide an inadequate response, such as, people settled in the valley because it was the best place to live.

 

The student demonstrates an understanding of the reasons why early civilization flourished in the valley of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers.

Notes:

 

Credited responses could include

 

Importance of River Valleys

 

Rivers were the main source of water

 

 in a desert region;

 for irrigation of crops;

 for human settlement;

 for transportation or trade; and/or

 for fishing (and food).

River valleys provided very fertile soil

Human needs for civilization

 

 close to water systems;

��� fertile land; and/or

 irrigation and water;

Food from river and water is 3, but food and water close by is 2 (for water, food too vague).

Unacceptable Responses

 

 defensibility (or self-defense)

 regular, predictable floods

 great location

 boundaries

 to explore the rivers

 shorter way to get places

 flooding

 you can put dams on them

 for needed supplies

 provide lush vegetation

 for gold and minerals

 "resources," without specifying which resources

 rivers are a source of light

 no minerals for soil (question asks about rivers, not valley)

 

The following question refers to the two population pyramids below.

 

 

8.   What percentage of the total population of Country 1 is age 70 or over?

A.     1.0%

B.     1.2%

C.     2.2%

D.     3.0%

 

Key

 C

The following question refers to the two population pyramids below.

 

 

9.   Describe the difference in population patterns for people age 60 and over in countries 1 and 2. Give one possible explanation for the difference you have identified.

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__________________________________________________________________

 

Scoring Guide

 

Score & Description

Complete

The response identifies one difference in age distribution above age 60 between the two countries and gives a correct explanation. Correct answers may be chosen from the list given or include some other appropriate response.

Partial

The response identifies one difference between the two population pyramids over the age of 60, but does not give a correct explanation of the difference

OR

 

Gives a difference that relates to absolute numbers with an acceptable reason

 

Inappropriate

The response does not give any acceptable reason to explain the difference in age distributions over the age of 60 between the two countries as suggested in the list below.

 

Student demonstrates ability to interpret two population pyramids and give an explanation of what could be causing the two to differ.

Notes:

 

Credited responses could include

 

Differences in Age Distribution

 

 country 1 has a lower (shorter) life expectancy rate/percentage lower; people don’t live as long; accept dying younger, but not sooner

 country 2 has higher (larger) percentages (country 1 has smaller percentages)

 people live longer in Country 2 than in country 1

 

Acceptable Responses:

 

 accept "population rate" for percentages

 must discuss difference in chart as being a difference in proportion or percentage and not a difference in absolute population, such as "there are more people aged 60 and older in country 2."

 higher/lower numbers plus higher/lower life expectancy, etc., score as valid

Do Not Accept

 more people dying

 dying sooner

 people do not live too long

 smaller in that area

 pollution problem

 reasons that are not clearly related to either country 1 or 2

 general statements (whether or not specific to a country) e.g.,

 take better care of elderly

 better social security

 people in better health

 could be healthier there

 food not as healthy

 

Although "better health" is not acceptable, "Better healthcare conditions" is acceptable response.

Reason (reason must specify which country)

 

 access to education

 resistance to disease

 access to nutrition, adequate food

 access to health care and medical facilities (better health conditions)

 strength of economy, levels of development (third world, less developed nation)

 better/worse living conditions (standard of living higher/lower)

 wealth/richer

 epidemics

 big wars

 toxic environment

 better health care (system)

 better technology

 better living conditions

 better medical care (treatment)

 a disease that affects 60+/disease hit one country but not the other

 better care for the elderly

 may take care of themselves better

 

10.    Major oil-producing nations joined together to form the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) as a means of

A.     increasing their control of markets and prices for their product

B.     limiting the access of other nations to solar power

C.     promoting the production of high-quality fossil fuels

D.     improving communication and transportation among developing nations

 

Key

 A

11.    Tropical forests are being destroyed at the rate of at least eleven million hectares each year, an area the size of Pennsylvania. About half of all tropical forests are already gone.

Discuss two major reasons for this high rate of tropical deforestation.

 

__________________________________________________________________

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__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

 

Scoring Guide

 

Score & Description

Complete

The response provides two reasons for tropical deforestation.

Partial

The response provides one reason for tropical deforestation.

Inappropriate

The response does not provide any appropriate reasons why the rates of tropical deforestation are high. Responses may provide incorrect answers such as: the rates of deforestation are high because people are cutting down trees.

 

Student demonstrates understanding of the reasons for the high rate of deforestation in the tropics.

Notes:

 

Credited responses could include:

 

Reasons for Deforestation

 

Land cleared for agriculture to

 

 stimulate the economy, ranching, or timber;

 create products to export (must specify);

 pay off large-scale debts; and/or

 create jobs, employment; specific.

Land cleared for fuel or construction (homes, highways)

Land cleared for urban development or landless poor because of

 

 rapidly growing population;

 urban growth; and/or

 land required for housing and resettlement of population who have lost their land to allow other developments.

Building on Own

Acceptable Responses

 

 creating jobs—specific job, i.e., rancher, logger, lumber jack, farmer

 wooden boats

 want more land/need more space/need more room

 development

 to build—to build on

 we need the wood for houses and boats = 1 reason

 mining

 furniture/making specific things

 chopping down trees for land

 foreign exchange

 get wood to sell to people

 construction companies

 loggers make money

 slash and burn (man-made fires)

 lack of environmental regulations (no laws or not enforced)

 bigger population/rapidly growing population

 farming

 cattle grazing

 payment for goods/wood for sale/somebody selling it/somebody receiving it

 timber products

 room to live

Do Not Accept

 natural resources

 progress

 tourist centers/entertainment centers

 industrial expansion (industrialization)/manufacturing

 paper from wood/paper production/pencils

 because of their jobs; to make jobs

 tear down for trees/sell wood to get money/to export wood for profit

 population (alone)/they want the land

 valuable hardwoods/lumber and paper/clear

 

12.    What religion is practiced by most people who live in India?

A.     Confucianism

B.     Buddhism

C.     Christianity

D.     Hinduism

 

Key

 D

13.    How do the forces listed below affect the natural environment?

Gravity

Ice

Water

Wind

 

 

A.     They are major causes of erosion.

B.     They are important influences on human settlement.

C.     They are responsible for seismic activity.

D.     They cause continental drift.

 

Key

 A

The following question refers to the passage below.

When the warm ocean current El Niño replaces the cooler Peruvian, or Humboldt, current along the coast of Peru, the supplies of anchovies on which sea birds feed decrease. As a result, the number of sea birds roosting on the coastal islands decreases.

 

 

14.    The passage describes the effect of El Niño on Peru’s

A.     wind currents

B.     weather

C.     ecosystem

D.     coastal erosion

 

Key

 C

The following question refers to the passage below.

When the warm ocean current El Niño replaces the cooler Peruvian, or Humboldt, current along the coast of Peru, the supplies of anchovies on which sea birds feed decrease. As a result, the number of sea birds roosting on the coastal islands decreases.

 

 

15.    In Peru, the developments described have an impact on

A.     the money earned from tourists who visit its beaches

B.     the ability of ships to dock at its ports

C.     warm weather in coastal areas

D.     the export of anchovies

 

Key

 D

 

 

16.    The map above shows the changes in the population center of the United States over a 200-year period of time.

Identify and explain some important factors that contributed to the changes in the population center shown on the map.

 

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__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

 

Scoring Guide

 

Score & Description

Complete

The response states or implies an understanding of the population trend shown on the map. The response explains at least two factors that significantly contributed to the westward movement (or southern movement, if explained correctly). TREND and two factors

Essential

The response states or implies an implicit understanding of the trend shown on the map AND the response explains one factor that significantly contributed to the westward movement. TREND and one factor

Partial

The response states or implies an implicit understanding of the trend shown on the map. The response does not explain any factors that significantly contributed to the westward movement OR gives at least one significant migration factor, but does not relate it to the westward trend. TREND or one factor

Inappropriate

The response does not address the trend shown in the map or give any acceptable reasons contributing to this trend, such as those in the list given. Unacceptable reasons might be such as, people are always moving.

 

Student demonstrates understanding of a major population trend in the U.S. since 1790. (They should show some understanding of what a population center means.)

Notes:

 

 

 

Score

Trend

Factor

4

yes

2

3

yes

1

2

yes

0

 

no

1

1

no

0

 

 

Trend

 

 the westward shift of the population center over the past 200 years

 

Reasons Explaining Trend

 

 western migration (of immigrants) during first 100 years of settlement

 improved telecommunications encouraged migration to the cities of the Pacific coast

 changes in immigration patterns—more immigrants from Asia arriving on the west coast

 government land grant policies that granted land to companies and individuals to open up the west

 construction of the U.S. highway system that opened up the less populated west

 shifts in the center of economic activity from the northeast to the south and west

 more people went as it became safer

 colonization (with reason or direction)

 moving to prairies

 manifest destiny is 3

 go west (trend) to look for gold (reason) is 3

 gold rush is 3

Factor – Do Not Accept

 U.S. gaining territories/U.S. growing/Louisiana purchase expanding boundaries/more room

 wars

 want wealth/prosperity

 better living/life, better place to live, better environment

 more businesses

 resources (farmland/forest) used up, looking for new resources

 avoid natural disasters in East (hurricanes, tornadoes, earthquakes)

 people wanted to live in rural areas

 

17.    Look at the table above. The region described in this table is

A.     South America

B.     Africa

C.     North America

D.     Oceania

 

Key

 A

18.    The "Corn Belt" is a region defined on the basis of

A.     population

B.     economic activity

C.     transportation networks

D.     political organization

 

Key

 B

Question 19 refers to Atlas [1]                                               

19.    Turn to the climate map of the world on pages 12 and 13 in the atlas. Which of the following groups of countries falls within a tropical climate zone?

A.     Bolivia, Syria, New Zealand

B.     Morocco, Uruguay, Japan

C.     Indonesia, Panama, Uganda

D.     Turkey, Portugal, Vietnam

 

Key

 C

Question 20 refers to Atlas [1]                                               

20.    Using the atlas, find the maps you need to answer the following question.

 

According to the maps, which of the following provinces or territories is NOT accessible by a major highway?

A.     Northwest Territories

B.     New Brunswick

C.     Yukon Territory

D.     Quebec

 

Key

 A

Question 21 refers to Atlas [1]                                               

21.    Use the atlas to answer the following questions.

What is the most common use of land in the western region of the United States?

__________________________________________________________________

What is the most common use of land in the eastern region of the United States?

__________________________________________________________________

Based on the maps and your knowledge of geography, explain why land is used the way it is in each of the regions.

 

Western:

__________________________________________________________________

 

__________________________________________________________________

 

__________________________________________________________________

Eastern:

 

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

 

Scoring Guide

Sample Correct Responses:

Student demonstrates ability to read land-use maps and understanding of relationship between land use and the natural environment.

 

Score & Description

Complete

Response correctly identifies both land uses and explains relationship between land use and natural environment for both regions.

Essential

Response correctly identifies at least one land use and explains relationship between land use and natural environment for one correctly identified region.

Partial

Response correctly identifies at least one land use, but gives no correct explanations.

Inappropriate

Response does not correctly identify land use in either region or give any correct explanations.

 

Credited responses:

 

West:

     Ranching and grazing (or cattle)

    Explanations:

 Limited rainfall (less than 20") produces grassland, scrub with grass, and scrubland–vegetation suitable for grazing.

 Limited rainfall makes irrigation a requirement for most farming.

 Mountainous terrain makes extensive farming more difficult.

 Growing season is shorter.

 

 

East:

     Crops and livestock (farming)

    Explanations:

 Abundant rainfall (greater than 20") is suitable for the development of extensive cropland, and also facilitates the maintenance of livestock.

 Fertile soils/good soils are found in many areas of the East.

 Much of land is flat or hilly but not mountainous.

 

Question 22 refers to Atlas [1]                                               

22.    First look at the map of coral reefs on page 95 of the atlas. Next look at the population data on pages 18 and 19. In which region of the world are coral reefs most threatened by high population density?

A.     Western Africa near Liberia and the Ivory Coast

B.     The Persian Gulf near Iran and Saudi Arabia

C.     Southeast Asia near the Philippines and Indonesia

D.     South America near Brazil and Argentina

 

Key

 C

Question 23 refers to Atlas [1]                                               

23.    You are writing a report about the growth and development of cities (urbanization) in the United States. Pages 32-35 and 40-41 in the atlas contain maps and charts that would be useful to you when writing your report. Identify three specific maps or charts from these pages that you would use. In the spaces below, write the names of the maps or charts and explain how the information in each one helps you understand urbanization.

1. Map or chart:

__________________________________________________________________

Explanation:

 

__________________________________________________________________

 

__________________________________________________________________

 

__________________________________________________________________

2. Map or chart:

__________________________________________________________________

Explanation:

 

__________________________________________________________________

 

__________________________________________________________________

 

__________________________________________________________________

3. Map or chart:

__________________________________________________________________

Explanation:

 

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

 

Scoring Guide

Sample Correct Responses:

Student demonstrates understanding of urbanization and ability to find appropriate information in an atlas.

 

Score & Description

Complete

Response identifies three maps/charts from the pages given with useful information regarding U.S. urbanization and provides explanations of how each map/chart is useful/pertinent.

Essential

Response identifies two maps/charts with useful information and gives two explanations.

Partial

Response identifies one map/chart with useful information and gives one explanation.

Inappropriate

Response may or may not identify maps/charts with useful information but does not explain how any of them are useful.

 

Physical map of the United States (pp.32-33) can be used to gain information on the physical features associated with urbanization

Credit:

 Find out which cities are located near rivers

 Fewer cities in mountainous regions

 Shows elevation at which people live

Do Not Credit:

 "Shows the elevation of the states"

 Answers that refer to the relative size of cities

 

 

Political map of the United States (pp. 34-35) shows spatial distribution of urban areas of different size, plus location of state capitals.

Credit:

 Shows the size of cities/relative size of cities

 Shows the location of cities

Do Not Credit:

 "Cities" (must qualify answer with location, size, distribution, etc.)

 "Capitals, cities, boundaries" (this comes directly from the map legend)

 

 

Land Use map (p. 40 top) shows the close association between land use and urbanization.

Credit:

 Urban areas are characterized by trade and manufacturing

 Land use map shows that people live where they do due to the type of jobs or occupations that exist

 "You might want to know what they do in the city"

Do Not Credit:

 references to fertile land

 "The map shows what the land is used for" (response must make some attempt to explain relationship between land use and urbanization).

 "Shows why they are moving there" (too vague)

 

 

Highway map (p. 40 bottom) shows the relationship between urban areas and a major transportation network.

Credit:

 "shows accessibility to cities/between cities"

 "Highways help support urban growth"

 Shows connection of cities to suburbs.

 Denser highway system in east is related to more urbanization there.

Do Not Credit:

 Responses that copy from text "Can you get there from here?" next to map.

 

 

Population map (p. 40) shows the spatial distribution of population in relation to urban areas. Response may refer to density, but need not. Response must be explicit about how the information in this map is related to urbanization.

 

Credit:

 Shows where cities have developed

 Population in and around cities is denser than population elsewhere

 "The population tends to increase toward the east (with exception of California)."

 "It shows you where the most highly populated areas are."

 "It shows you where the urban areas are located."

 "Shows where cities have developed"

Do Not Credit:

 "It shows where people are right now." (too vague)

 "Can see how populated an area is."

 "To see how populated some areas are."

 "It shows how people are spread out."

 "Can tell where population is more dense." (too vague, does not explain relationship to city growth and development)

 "Tells you how many people there are per square mile."

 "You need to see how many people are in a place to see if it grew."

 

 

Urban Population pie graph (p.40) shows growth in urban population and percentage of the U.S. population living in urban and rural areas.

Credit:

 Shows where most people live.

 "Shows the growth of the urban population."

 "It shows the percent of people living in urban areas"

Do Not Credit:

 Responses that simply copy numbers from the chart, e.g., "76% urban today, 51% urban in 1920"

 

Question 24 refers to Atlas [1]                                               

24.    Look at the land use map on page 16 of the atlas and the pie charts of Japan’s trade on page 87. Which of the following countries would be the most likely source of forest products for Japan?

A.     The United States

B.     Germany

C.     South Korea

D.     Australia

 

Key

 A

Question 25 refers to Atlas [1]                                               

25.    Look at the maps on page 74 of the atlas. Based on the maps and your knowledge of the region, which of the following was an important economic activity affected by Israel’s victory in the Six Day War in 1967?

A.     Industrial output in the Gaza Strip

B.     Shipping on the Dead Sea

C.     Agricultural exports from the Sinai Peninsula

D.     Transport of goods through the Suez Canal

 

Key

 D

Question 26 refers to Atlas [1]                                               

 

 

 

China

Mongolia

Japan

Infant deaths (per 1,000 births)

40

70

4

Television sets (per 100 persons)

19

6

83

Life expectancy(years)

70

61

77

Gross domestic product (per capita)

$2,500

$1,800

$20,200

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

26.   

The table above shows four indicators of economic development. Using these indicators, compare the development of Mongolia with that of China and that of Japan.

 

Now look at the maps of Asia on pages 76–84 of the atlas.  Discuss two ways that Mongolia’s geography has likely influenced its economic development.

 

 

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Scoring Guide

Sample Correct Responses:

Student demonstrates understanding of economic indicators and geographic factors that can affect a country’s development.

 

Score & Description

Complete

Response accurately compares the development of Mongolia with that of China and Japan and discusses two ways that Mongolia’s geography has contributed to a relatively low level of development.

Essential

Response accurately compares the development of Mongolia with that of China and Japan and discusses one way that Mongolia’s geography has contributed to a relatively low level of development;

 

OR

Response accurately compares the development of Mongolia with that of China and Japan and lists two geographic factors without explaining their significance related to Mongolia’s development.

Partial

Response accurately compares the development of Mongolia with that of China and Japan but does not discuss how Mongolia’s geography has contributed to a relatively low level of development;

 

OR

Response does not compare the development of Mongolia with that of China and Japan but discusses one way that Mongolia’s geography has contributed to a relatively low level of development;

 

OR

Response lists two geographic factors without explaining their significance related to Mongolia’s development.

Inappropriate

Response does not compare the development of Mongolia with that of China and Japan or discuss any way that Mongolia’s geography has contributed to a relatively low level of development.

 

Credited responses could include:

Comparison

 Response must indicate the relative level of development of the three countries, e.g., "Mongolia has the lowest level of economic development and Japan has the highest." Response may also give specific examples from the table, but these are not required.

 

 

Geographic factors

 Mongolia is surrounded by Russia and China, two large and powerful nations that may restrict its development.

 Mongolia is landlocked, restricting trade.

 Mongolia is arid or semi-arid (0-18" of rainfall), restricting agriculture.

 Much of Mongolia is mountainous or desert, making travel difficult.

 Mongolia’s borders are long, making defense difficult.

 Large portions of Mongolia’s borders are located in mountainous or desert regions, making travel to/from other countries difficult.

 The principal land use in Mongolia is nomadic herding, which is not conducive to economic development.

 Mongolia has a low population density (0-5 persons per square mile) in most of country

 There are no forests that could support a lumber industry.

Do not credit:

 Responses that suggest that Mongolia has a higher level of economic development than China or Japan.

 

Question 27 refers to Atlas [1]                                               

27.    Look at the time zone map on page 19 of the atlas. If it is noon on Tuesday in Beijing, China, what is the time and day in Edmonton, Canada?

A.     Noon Monday

B.     9 P.M. Monday

C.     5 A.M. Tuesday

D.     9 A.M. Tuesday

 

Key

 B

Question 28 refers to Atlas [1]                                               

28.    Look at the maps of the United States on pages 36, 37, 38, and 40 of the atlas. What can you conclude about Nebraska and Colorado based on the information in these maps?

A.     Large natural gas deposits have led to the development of extensive manufacturing.

B.     Widespread irrigation allows for raising crops and livestock despite limited rainfall.

C.     The long 8- to 10-month growing season makes the area a major corn-growing region.

D.     As part of the Southwest, the region’s most important land use is ranching and grazing.

 

Key

 B

Question 29 refers to Atlas [1]                                               

29.    Using the atlas, look at the "Regions of the United States" map on page 37 and the map of population on page 41. Which region of the United States has the lowest overall population density?

A.     Northeast

B.     Pacific

C.     Rocky Mountain

D.     Southwest

 

Key

 C

Question 30 refers to Atlas [1]                                               

30.    Look at the maps of Australia on pages 88–93 of the atlas.

Describe the region in Australia where most people live.

 

 

__________________________________________________________________

 

__________________________________________________________________

Give one reason that explains the settlement pattern of Australia.

 

 

 

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

 

Scoring Guide

Sample Correct Responses:

Student demonstrates ability to find relevant information from among several maps, and demonstrates understanding of factors affecting settlement patterns.

 

Score & Description

Complete

Response correctly describes that most people in Australia live in coastal areas in the southeastern region, in cities along the southeast coast, or in Victoria and New South Wales and gives one reason to explain this settlement pattern.

Partial

Response correctly describes that most people in Australia live in coastal areas in the southeast but does not explain settlement pattern

 

 

OR

 

 

Response incorrectly describes the region where most people in Australia live but gives one reason to explain Australia’s settlement pattern.

Inappropriate

Response does not describe or explain settlement pattern.

 

Credited responses describing where most people live:

 southeast coastal areas

 cities along the southeast coast

 New South Wales and Victoria (must include both)

 

 

Credited responses explaining settlement pattern:

 rainfall: much of interior is desert or arid

 access to goods and transport give coastal areas an advantage. Lack of rivers in much of interior made travel difficult.

 topography e.g., Great Dividing range made travel to interior difficult

 abundant vegetation/natural resources, especially forests in coastal areas made it more habitable there/more fertile soil

 historical settlement patterns (location of original settlements) – must include an explanation of why the settlement pattern developed

 Cooler temperatures in summer (compared to desert)

 

Question 31 refers to Atlas [1]                                               

31.    Look at the pie charts showing urban population on page 69 and the map of land use on page 67 of the atlas. Which of the following best explains the difference in the level of urbanization between Germany and Portugal?

A.     Agriculture is not important in Germany.

B.     Portugal is isolated from the rest of Europe.

C.     Portugal is not a member of the European Union.

D.     Germany is at the center of Europe’s industrial belt.

 

Key

 D

Question 32 refers to Atlas [1]                                               

32.    Use the Thematic Index inside the back cover of the atlas to locate the pages that give information on wheat around the world. Which of the following countries imports most of its wheat?

A.     Australia

B.     Russia

C.     Japan

D.     France

 

Key

 C

Question 33 refers to Atlas [1]                                               

33.    Using the atlas, find the map you need to answer the following question. What physical feature separates European Russia from Siberia?

A.     Ural Mountains

B.     Central Siberian Plateau

C.     Caspian Sea

D.     Volga River

 

Key

 A

34.    Which of the following is most likely to be found in the central business district of a city?

A.     Automobile dealerships

B.     A steel mill

C.     An office tower

D.     Single-family homes

 

Key

 C

 

 

35.    The four locations indicated on the map above are

A.     capitals of highly industrialized nations

B.     the world’s four most densely populated cities

C.     areas of highest elevation

D.     religious centers

 

Key

 D

 

 

36.    On the map above, the shaded countries represent the membership of the

A.     Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)

B.     World Health Organization (WHO)

C.     North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)

D.     British Commonwealth of Nations

 

Key

 A

Mexico City is an example of runaway urban growth. Every day an estimated average of 1,700 people move there from villages in the countryside. In addition, more than 1,000 babies are born in the city daily. Some geographers think that as many as 50 million people will live there by the year 2000. Thousands of families survive on the equivalent of a few dollars a day, and most members of these families have no prospects for steady jobs or much improvement in the physical quality of their lives. However, regardless of the hardship and the poverty, people continue to pour into Mexico City.

 

37.    Give two reasons why people continue to move to Mexico City despite the difficult living conditions.

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

 

Scoring Guide

 

Score & Description

Complete

The response gives two reasons why people continue to move to Mexico City. The idea must be conveyed that more opportunities  NOT guarantees are available.

Partial

The response gives one reason that explains why people continue to move to Mexico City.

Inappropriate

The response does not give any reason explaining why people continue to move to Mexico City.

 

Credited responses could include the following:

Reasons for Migrating to Mexico City

 

Opportunity to improve standard of living: Better housing, or education, or medical facilities, or employment opportunities (each is separate reason);

 

Difficulty of rural conditions: Escape poor housing, or medical facilities, or unemployment, or low wages, or poverty;

 

Decline of traditional agriculture;

Displacement of peasants;

Relatives or friends in city–provide emotional and practical support.

 

 

Accept:

 

 

 chance for a job but no guarantees;

 better than living in present villages;

 to find better arrangements;

 close to their family and friends;

 trying to look for a job;

 "more opportunities for them in the city," better opportunities;

 harder life in rural areas;

 looking for modern conveniences;

 less secluded, less isolated;

 better living conditions;

 escape harsher village life;

 better life for children, better place to raise families;

 closer to services and goods; and/or

 "they think they may gain financial security in city."

 

For  the following question writes your answer on the map below.

 

 

38.    Write the number of each of the following physical features in the correct location on the map on page 6.

 

     1 Pyrenees Mountains

     2 The Japanese Archipelago

     3 Mediterranean Sea

     4 Persian Gulf

 

 

Scoring Guide

 

Score & Description

Complete

The response correctly labels all 4 features on the map.

Essential

The response correctly labels 3 features on the map.

Partial

The response correctly labels 1-2 features on the map.

Inappropriate

The response incorrectly labels all of the features on the map.

 

NB: If students write out answers instead of putting the numbers on the map, give credit for correct response.

A dense canopy of interlaced broad-leafed trees blocks the sun and shades the forest floor all year in this sparsely populated area. Shallow-rooted trees that rise 150 feet or more have broad trunks with support roots above ground. Rain occurs every day and the forest floor is always damp and dark.

 

39.    What would the vegetation in this region be called? Name a country where this region might be located.

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

 

Scoring Guide

 

Score & Description

Complete

The response identifies the vegetation as tropical rain forest, and gives a possible location which may be drawn from the list given.

Partial

The response correctly identifies either the vegetation (rainforest) or a location, but not both. Correct locations may be drawn from the list given.

Inappropriate

The response does not identify the vegetation as tropical rain forest. It does not name an area or country where this region may be located.

 

NB: The response cannot mention entire continents as correct locations.

Credited responses could include:

 

Locations–(countries only)

 

 

 

Australia

Bangladesh

Belize

Bolivia

Brazil

Cambodia

Cameroon

China

Colombia

Congo

Costa Rica

Ecuador

French Guiana

Gabon

Guatemala

Guyana

Honduras

India

Indonesia

Ivory Coast

Kenya

Liberia

Madagascar

Malawi

Malaysia

Mexico

Mozambique

Myanmar (Burma)

New Zealand

Nicaragua

Nigeria

Panama

Papua (New Guinea)

Peru

Philippines

Sierra Leone

Singapore

Sri Lanka

Suriname

Taiwan

Tanzania

Thailand

Venezuela

Vietnam

Zaire

Zimbabwe

 

 

Do not accept:

 

      "tropical vegetation" for "tropical rain forest"

 

The following question

 

 

 

Number of People

Years

Moving into State

 

 

1870-1880

129,600

1880-1890

214,200

1890-1900

172,700

1900-1910

694,100

1910-1920

804,100

1920-1930

1,695,200

1930-1940

974,600

1940-1950

2,399,100

1950-1960

2,788,000

1960-1970

1,528,000

1970-1980

1,462,000

 

 

 

40.    During which ten-year period did the percentage of people living in urban areas increase the most?

A.     1860-1870

B.     1890-1900

C.     1930-1940

D.     1960-1970

 

Key

 A

The following question

 

 

 

Number of People

Years

Moving into State

 

 

1870-1880

129,600

1880-1890

214,200

1890-1900

172,700

1900-1910

694,100

1910-1920

804,100

1920-1930

1,695,200

1930-1940

974,600

1940-1950

2,399,100

1950-1960

2,788,000

1960-1970

1,528,000

1970-1980

1,462,000

 

 

 

41.    Which ten-year period showed both a decrease in the number of people moving into State X and an increase in the percentage of people living in rural areas?

A.     1890-1900

B.     1930-1940

C.     1960-1970

D.     1970-1980

 

Key

 B

 

 

42.    Maddieville is building a new shopping center. There is a disagreement in the city council over whether to build the shopping center at site A or at site B on the map on page 10.

As a resident of the city who would like to shop at the new shopping center, write a letter to the mayor in support of either site A or site B. Give three reasons why the site you support is better than the other site.

 

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

 

Scoring Guide

 

Score & Description

Complete

The response chooses a site and gives three reasons for the choice.

Essential

The response chooses a site and supports the choice with two reasons.

Partial

The response chooses a site and supports the choice with one reason.

Inappropriate

The response may or may not choose a site, but it does not offer any support for either location.

 

NOTE: responses must give reasons and not simply list the names of places (for example, bus station)

Credited Responses could include:

 

 

 

Possible Reasons for Site A

 Near bus station;

 Near train station;

 Near central business district;

 Near industrial district;

 Keeps downtown viable;

 Potential customers familiar with location;

 The central location maximizes accessibility;

 Accessible from all sides of town;

 Near other businesses in city;

 Jobs in city; and/or

 Near where people are loaded and unloaded every day.

 

Possible Reasons for Site B

 Near interstate highway (more customers);

 More room to build;

 Easier parking for customers;

 Diffuses congestion in city;

 Land is cheaper;

 Leads to land development around mall for recreational purposes (parks);

 Expands city and economy;

 Accessible from highway;

 Jobs in the suburbs;

 Easier to see from road; and/or

 Less crowded.

 

 

 

43.    Which of the following methods provides the most accurate and effective visual evidence for determining the extent of desertification in a region?

A.     Contour maps

B.     Long-range weather forecasts

C.     Satellite imagery

D.     Seismic readings

 

Key

 C

44.    Which of the following countries has the largest volume and value of trade with the United States?

A.     Japan

B.     Great Britain

C.     Canada

D.     Germany

 

Key

 C

45.    Many people in the Caribbean region are of West African descent. Which of the following is the best explanation for this?

A.     Rapid urbanization

B.     The use of slaves in plantation agriculture

C.     Religious persecution in the countries of origin

D.     Economic opportunity in the Caribbean region

 

Key

 B

46.    Which of the following has most affected the development of suburbs in the United States in the last 50 years?

A.     Automobiles

B.     Computers

C.     Electricity

D.     High-speed rail transportation

 

Key

 A

The following question refers to the table below.

 

 

 

STATISTICAL COMPARISON OF TWO COUNTRIES

 

Country A

Country B

Total Population

7,193,000

123,120,000

Urban-Rural

   Urban

   Rural

 49.0%

51.0%

 76.7%

23.3%

Religious

Roman Catholic     92.5%

Baha’i       2.6%

Other       4.9%

 

 Shinto*     89.5%

Buddhist*     76.4%

Christian       1.2%

Other       9.3%

Life Expectancy

at Birth (years)

   Male

   Female

50.9

55.4

75.9

82.1

Age Distribution

   Under 15

   15-29

   30-44

   45-59

   60-74

   Over 74

43.4%

26.4%

15.7%

9.3%

4.4%

0.8%

19.0%

21.6%

22.4%

20.1%

9.2%

7.7%

Percent of

Population

over 25 with No

Formal Schooling

48.6%

0.3%

Leading Exports

(as percent of

total exports):

Natural Gas     21.0%

Tin     12.0%

Zinc       5.7%

Silver       5.6%

Antimony       4.0%

Coffee       2.0%

Sugar       1.5%

Hides       1.4%

Motor Vehicles     18.4%

Machinery     10.9%

Iron and Steel       5.8%

Chemicals       5.3%

Textiles       2.6%

Vessels       1.5%

Radios       0.8%

Televisions       0.7%

 

 

*Some persons practice

both religions

 

 

 

 

47.    Which of the following statements most accurately describes Country A?

A.     It is dependent on raw material exports.

B.     It probably has a high literacy rate.

C.     It has a predominantly urban population.

D.     It will experience slow population growth.

 

Key

 A

The following question refers to the table below.

 

 

STATISTICAL COMPARISON OF TWO COUNTRIES

 

Country A

Country B

Total Population

7,193,000

123,120,000

Urban-Rural

   Urban

   Rural

 49.0%

51.0%

 76.7%

23.3%

Religious

Roman Catholic     92.5%

Baha’i       2.6%

Other       4.9%

 

 Shinto*     89.5%

Buddhist*     76.4%

Christian       1.2%

Other       9.3%

Life Expectancy

at Birth (years)

   Male

   Female

50.9

55.4

75.9

82.1

Age Distribution

   Under 15

   15-29

   30-44

   45-59

   60-74

   Over 74

43.4%

26.4%

15.7%

9.3%

4.4%

0.8%

19.0%

21.6%

22.4%

20.1%

9.2%

7.7%

Percent of

Population

over 25 with No

Formal Schooling

48.6%

0.3%

Leading Exports

(as percent of

total exports):

Natural Gas     21.0%

Tin     12.0%

Zinc       5.7%

Silver       5.6%

Antimony       4.0%

Coffee       2.0%

Sugar       1.5%

Hides       1.4%

Motor Vehicles     18.4%

Machinery     10.9%

Iron and Steel       5.8%

Chemicals       5.3%

Textiles       2.6%

Vessels       1.5%

Radios       0.8%

Televisions       0.7%

 

 

*Some persons practice

both religions

 

 

 

 

48.    Which of the following statements most accurately describes Country B?

A.     It has few medical facilities.

B.     It is industrialized.

C.     Its primary imports are manufactured goods.

D.     Its population is primarily employed in agriculture.

 

Key

 B

The following question refers to the table below.

 

 

STATISTICAL COMPARISON OF TWO COUNTRIES

 

Country A

Country B

Total Population

7,193,000

123,120,000

Urban-Rural

   Urban

   Rural

 49.0%

51.0%

 76.7%

23.3%

Religious

Roman Catholic     92.5%

Baha’i       2.6%

Other       4.9%

 

 Shinto*     89.5%

Buddhist*     76.4%

Christian       1.2%

Other       9.3%

Life Expectancy

at Birth (years)

   Male

   Female

50.9

55.4

75.9

82.1

Age Distribution

   Under 15

   15-29

   30-44

   45-59

   60-74

   Over 74

43.4%

26.4%

15.7%

9.3%

4.4%

0.8%

19.0%

21.6%

22.4%

20.1%

9.2%

7.7%

Percent of

Population

over 25 with No

Formal Schooling

48.6%

0.3%

Leading Exports

(as percent of

total exports):

Natural Gas     21.0%

Tin     12.0%

Zinc       5.7%

Silver       5.6%

Antimony       4.0%

Coffee       2.0%

Sugar       1.5%

Hides       1.4%

Motor Vehicles     18.4%

Machinery     10.9%

Iron and Steel       5.8%

Chemicals       5.3%

Textiles       2.6%

Vessels       1.5%

Radios       0.8%

Televisions       0.7%

 

 

*Some persons practice

both religions

 

 

 

 

49.    Country B is most likely

A.     Botswana

B.     India

C.     Ireland

D.     Japan

 

Key

 D

 

 

50.    The graph shows a prediction made in 1970 of levels of hydrocarbons in the atmosphere. Describe the pattern indicated by the graph.

 

__________________________________________________________________

 

__________________________________________________________________

 

__________________________________________________________________

 

Explain two factors that could account for the pattern shown.

 

 

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

 

Scoring Guide

 

Score & Description

Complete

The response identifies the pattern as a decrease followed by an increase  and explains two factors, one linked to a decrease in hydrocarbon emissions and one to an increase in hydrocarbon emissions.

Essential

The response identifies the pattern  and explains one factor that is linked to either a decrease or an increase in hydrocarbon emissions.

Partial

The response identifies the pattern  or explains one factor that is linked to a decrease or an increase in hydrocarbon emissions  or explains one or two factors that are not linked.

Inappropriate

The response does not identify the pattern or explain the factors.

 

NB: Correct answers may be drawn from the list given and must explain  BOTH the  decline and  increase in hydrocarbon levels for full credit.

Credited Responses could include the following:

 

Causes of Decline in Hydrocarbons

 

 Environmental regulation enforcement/government sanctions and laws;

 Cleaner auto emissions;

 Increased use of public transportation;

 Slowdown in the economy; and/or

 Reduction in combustion of fossil fuels.

 

Causes of Increase in Hydrocarbons

 

 Increase in automobile use;

 Industrialization of less developed countries;

 Increase in combustion of fossil fuels;

 Increase in population; and/or

 Increase in garbage decomposing (landfills).

 

51.    Of the following, which group would most likely be located on level land?

A.     Hydroelectric plant, national park, reservoir

B.     Orchard, coffee plantation, mine

C.     Amusement park, ski resort, quarry

D.     Railroad, city, airport

 

Key

 D

 

 

52.    The land shown in the photograph has been altered mainly to

A.     increase the beauty of the landscape

B.     increase the availability of land that can be used for farming

C.     demarcate land belonging to different people

D.     enable residents to climb the slopes more easily

 

Key

 B

The following question is based on the map below showing the distribution of earthquake epicenters around the world between 1961 and 1967.

 

 

53.    Between 1961 and 1967, the area that had the most earthquakes was the

A.     Mediterranean basin

B.     mid-Atlantic Ocean

C.     Caribbean Sea

D.     Pacific Ocean rim

 

Key

 D

The following question is based on the map below showing the distribution of earthquake epicenters around the world between 1961 and 1967.

 

 

54.    What is responsible for the pattern of earthquake activity shown on the map?

A.     Volcanic eruptions

B.     The weight of ocean water pressing on the land

C.     Hurricanes and cyclones

D.     The movement of tectonic plates

 

Key

 D

 

 

55.    Look at the map above, which shows three possible routes for a railroad line that will be built to connect Red City with Bluetown.

Which route would be the least expensive to construct?

 

 

__________________________________________________________________

 

Give two reasons why the route you chose would be the least expensive.

 

1.

 

__________________________________________________________________

 

__________________________________________________________________

 

__________________________________________________________________

 

2.

 

 

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

 

Scoring Guide

 

Score & Description

Complete

The response indicates that C is the least expensive route to construct. Must give two reasons why (may relate to A and B).

Partial

The response indicates that C is the least expensive route to construct and gives one reason.

Inappropriate

The response indicates that A or B or C would be the least expensive route to construct but gives no reasons.

 

Sample Responses

 flat land

 no mountain (or hills)

 no tunnels

 no bridges

 wouldn’t have to go through mountains

 not as many bends and curves

 

56.    People from many different countries live in New York City. Children speaking many different languages attend its public schools. This is mainly because New York City

A.     has an efficient transportation system

B.     has a higher wage rate than other United States cities

C.     is a port of entry for people from other parts of the world

D.     is the site of the United Nations headquarters

 

Key

 C

57.    In the mid-nineteenth century, before railroads were constructed, people in the United States transported commercial materials, such as timber and coal, over long distances primarily by means of

A.     rivers and canals

B.     turnpikes and freeways

C.     pack horses and mule trains

D.     ox carts and Conestoga wagons

 

Key

 A

58.    The major areas of wheat production in the world are the central United States and Canada, Ukraine, south central Australia, and the pampas of Argentina. What is the characteristic shared by these areas that explains their role in wheat production?

A.     All have rainy, damp climates.

B.     All are near sea coasts.

C.     All are plains.

D.     All are in highland regions.

 

Key

 C

 

 

59.    What is the dominant trend shown in the graph?

 

__________________________________________________________________

 

__________________________________________________________________

 

__________________________________________________________________

 

__________________________________________________________________

 

__________________________________________________________________

 

Give two major reasons for the trend shown.

 

 

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

 

Scoring Guide

 

Score & Description

Complete

The response identifies the major trend in the graph and provides two appropriate reasons.

Partial

The response identifies the major trend in the graph but gives either no reason, or only one reason, to explain this. Or, the response provides two appropriate reasons, but fails to identify the trend.

Inappropriate

The response does not indicate the major trend shown in the graph, but may give one reason for the trend as suggested in the list given. It may just copy words from chart.

 

Credited responses may include:

Trend in Graph

 

An increase in the number of United States citizens traveling to Europe between 1948 and 1991.

 

 Also accept:

 increase in  travel or departures

 "more people are traveling to Europe between 1948 and 1991"

 "more people traveled to Europe after the 1970’s"

 

 Do not accept:

 "more people are leaving"

 up and down and up, etc.

 "it increased each year"

 

Appropriate Reasons

 

Improvements in travel

 

 air travel is more affordable

 air travel is faster

 air travel is safer

 travel is easier

 more planes are available

 

Increase in tourism

 

 more leisure time

 more affluence

 aging population

 

Internationalization of economy

 

 more business travel

 more political travel

 more student exchange

 

60.    Fossil fuels such as oil and coal are formed from

A.     geological processes that transform organic materials

B.     the rapid decay of animal bones

C.     organic processes that lead to the fossilization of animal tissue

D.     artificial processes used to treat and reuse garbage

 

Key

 A

61.    After we anchored our ships in the ocean and went ashore to explore, we marched west. The forest was so thick we could only travel three miles in the first two days. Then we came to the mountains and climbed to the top. A rushing river flowed west out of the mountains. We continued to march two miles west and came down out of the mountains. Two miles further we came to the coast. It was obvious that the area we were exploring was an isthmus.

In the box below, draw a map of the region described above. Be sure to include all of the geographical elements mentioned in the description. Include a scale to indicate distances.

 

 

 

 

 

Scoring Guide

 

Score & Description

Complete

The response includes an accurate map in which at least 4 elements are correctly placed. The response must be an isthmus and have direction of travel and river correctly.

Essential

The response includes a map in which 3 elements are correctly placed. The response may be a peninsula or an island.

Partial

The response includes a map in which at least 2 elements are correctly placed.

Inappropriate

The response does not include a map or the map shows none of the elements correctly.

 

Features on Map

East coast

Forest

Mountains

River flowing west

West coast

62.    An example of diffusion is that crops that were once grown mostly in North and South America are

A.     now grown all over the world

B.     now grown only in areas where productivity is high

C.     now grown only in the Northern Hemisphere

D.     no longer grown there

 

Key

 A

 

 

63.    Environmental issues are viewed differently by people in different circumstances. Explain how the artist makes this point in the cartoon.

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

 

Scoring Guide

 

Score & Description

Complete

 

 Shows full understanding of cartoon and its meaning.

 Discusses environmental issue

 Tension (implied or stated) between the 2 worlds

 Hypocrisy (not absolutely necessary if tension clearly discussed)

�� Must give different viewpoints–developed vs. developing countries (rich vs. poor)

 Must give explanation of 1 viewpoint

 Discussion on national level

 

Essential

Must show that there are  TWO different views–developed and developing (2 views need to mention trees  and car pollution)–with or without tension

 

OR

shows hypocrisy (implied or stated)–needs to talk about tree or car, i.e., understand cartoon

(brief mention of cartoon’s essential point–understand contradiction or conflict)

Partial

Gives a brief mention of environmental issues (no matter how obscure or tenuous)

 

OR

gives one viewpoint correctly

Inappropriate

Responds to cartoon but has no understanding of environmental issues.

 

Examples of Essential responses:

 "The guy’s yelling at the lumberjack cutting down a tree but his car is dumping tons of pollution into the air."

 Both people are depicted as doing something wrong…

 "Man in car needs trees to provide oxygen so his car pollution won’t hurt ozone. Guy chopping down tree doesn’t think that one tree gone would hurt the oxygen supply."

 "If you’re not taking care of the environment, don’t tell others what to do"

Examples of Partial responses:

 "He is telling the man not to chop down the tree because we need it for oxygen."

 "Artist says you need to protect trees and the car had developed countries on it because developed countries aren’t paying attention to environmental problems."

 "He says that because pollution is bad, he needs trees to protect him."

 "trees make air"

 "one man is driving a car that  pollutes the air and the other is cutting down a tree"

Examples of Inappropriate responses:

 "don’t cut down trees"

 "greenhouse effect" (without elaboration)

 "some people care about the environment, but some don’t"

 "cares about environment" (without saying who)

 "people in developing countries don’t care about the environment"

 

64.    In the United States, most of the fertile soils of the Midwest were derived from

A.     glaciers

B.     volcanic activity

C.     decaying organic matter

D.     eroded sandstone

 

Key

 A

65.    Under which of the following circumstances would you be most likely to find snow in equatorial regions?

A.     In areas below sea level

B.     In areas at high latitudes

C.     In areas at high elevations

D.     In winter

 

Key

 C

 

AVERAGE ANNUAL PRECIPITATION FOR LAKESIDE

 

 

 

Season

Average Inches

Percent of Total

 

 

 

Spring

5.0

25

Summer

7.0

35

Fall

4.0

20

Winter

4.0

20

 

 

 

Total

20.0

100

 

 

 

 

66.    Use the information in the table above to construct a pie chart on the figure below. Be sure to label all information. You may use your ruler to draw the chart.

 

 

 

 

Scoring Guide

 

Score & Description

Complete

The response correctly charts the percentage of rainfall of the 4 seasons on the circle and correctly labels the segments.

Partial

The response correctly charts the percentage of rainfall of 1-3 seasons or it divides the chart up correctly but does not label by season or labels by inches only. Also correct: "% only" in correct drawing of seasons.

Inappropriate

The response does not properly chart any of the information. It fails to divide the pie into pieces corresponding to the information from the table and it does not correctly label any piece of the chart.

 

Question 67 refers to Atlas [2]                                               

67.    Find the political map of the world in the atlas. Which group of countries is crossed by the equator?

A.     Mexico, Nigeria, India

B.     Chile, Zimbabwe, Papua New Guinea

C.     Venezuela, Angola, the Philippines

D.     Brazil, Kenya, Indonesia

 

Key

 D

Question 68 refers to Atlas [2]                                               

68.    Look at the map on pages 50-51 of the atlas. The main physical barrier facing a traveler going overland from Paris to Rome is the

A.     Massif Central

B.     Alps

C.     Mediterranean Sea

D.     Rhone River

 

Key

 B

Question 69 refers to Atlas [2]                                               

69.    Look at the map showing the growing seasons in Europe on page 54 of the atlas. What most likely accounts for the difference between the growing seasons of Norway and Spain?

A.     Norway has more frost-free days than Spain.

B.     Norway is more industrialized than Spain.

C.     Norway has a colder climate than Spain.

D.     Norway imports more food than Spain.

 

Key

 C

Question 70 refers to Atlas [2]                                               

70.    Study the maps of the Middle East on pages 64 and 65 of the atlas. Using the maps, explain why the Suez Canal is both politically and economically important.

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Scoring Guide

 

Score & Description

Complete

The response implies or indicates the Canal’s strategic location and must explain one significant political reason  AND one significant economic reason.

Essential

The response implies or indicates the Canal’s strategic location  AND it explains its significance  EITHER politically  OR economically  OR it gives a significant political reason and significant economic reason but with little or no explanation (implied location).

Partial

The response mentions the Canal’s strategic location but does not explain its significance economically or politically as suggested below  OR it identifies one significant reason with no explanations.

Inappropriate

The response does not explain the strategic importance of the Suez Canal either politically or economically.

 

NOTE: To receive a score of "4" a response  must discuss oil in connection to political or economic reasons for the importance of the canal. The key here is to link geographic location to economic and political importance.

If location is correct, can be more lenient with economics, i.e., "Mediterranean and Red Sea and canal can be used for many things but it is mostly used for transporting of goods to other countries" (can use  location as explanation for economics).

 

To get economic and political credit, student  must make connection.

 

Credited responses could include the following:

 

Location

The Suez Canal is a waterway linking the Mediterranean and the Red Sea OR Europe and Asia, etc.

 

Economic Significance

Allows shipping of cargo between Asia and Europe, avoiding the extra cost of traveling around Africa. It provides vital access from Europe and North America to oil supplies from the Middle East.

 

Political Significance

Access to the Suez Canal is of major importance to the economies, and therefore governments, of Western Europe and the United States. Access to the Suez Canal can be used as a bargaining tool by those who control it.

 

Question 71 refers to Atlas [2]                                               

71.    Study the maps of Africa on pages 60-63 of the atlas.

Where does most of the population of Egypt live?

 

 

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Give one reason that explains the settlement pattern of Egypt.

 

 

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Scoring Guide

 

Score & Description

Complete

The response indicates that most of the population of Egypt is settled along the Nile River. It explains this settlement pattern by outlining one of the following two points. The Nile has fertile rich soil for agriculture and a good supply of fresh water for irrigation and domestic needs.  OR, away from the Nile River Egypt’s land is desert and not suitable for settlement.

Partial

The response indicates that most of the population of Egypt is settled along the Nile River, but does not give a good reason for the settlement pattern  OR the response gives a good explanation for location (close to fresh water, near fertile soil, or the rest of the country is a desert) but does not specify the location of the Nile.

Inappropriate

The response does not indicate that most of the population of Egypt is settled along the Nile valley. It does not give any explanation for the settlement pattern. The response may contain information that applies to Egypt but it contains errors that show the student does not know where Egypt is.

 

 NB:          Cairo is not correct for the 1st part of the question.

Question 72 refers to Atlas [2]                                               

72.    Find the world climate map in the table of contents and turn to it. Which state in the United States has a climate similar to that of Alice Springs, Australia?

A.     Florida

B.     Washington

C.     Illinois

D.     Arizona

 

Key

 D

Question 73 refers to Atlas [2]                                               

73.    Look at the map on page 57 of the atlas. What is the main form of land use in Ireland?

A.     Crops and livestock

B.     Manufacturing and trade

C.     Ranching

D.     Forest products

 

Key

 A

Question 74 refers to Atlas [2]                                               

74.    The two natural features that form a large part of the boundary of Chile are

A.     Lake Titicaca and the Amazon River basin

B.     the Pacific Ocean and the Andes Mountains

C.     Patagonia and the Atacama Desert

D.     the Pampas and the Strait of Magellan

 

Key

 B

Question 75 refers to Atlas [2]                                               

75.    Look at the time zone map on page 17 of the atlas. If it is noon in Rio de Janeiro, the time in Cairo is

A.     5 p.m.

B.     2 a.m.

C.     noon

D.     7 a.m.

 

Key

 A

Question 76 refers to Atlas [2]                                               

76.    Look at the information on Japan on page 73 of the atlas. With which country does Japan have the most favorable balance of trade?

A.     China

B.     Indonesia

C.     The United States

D.     Taiwan

 

Key

 C

Question 77 refers to Atlas [2]                                               

77.    What information can you get from the chart "Five Asian Countries" on page 75 of the atlas?

A.     People are migrating from these countries at a very rapid rate.

B.     The majority of the population lives in rural areas.

C.     The population densities are very high in these countries.

D.     The world land area occupied by these countries is expanding rapidly.

 

Key

 C

Question 78 refers to Atlas [2]                                               

78.    Look at the maps of China on pages 71-72 of the atlas. Give two major reasons why China’s industry is concentrated in the eastern part of the country.

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Scoring Guide

 

Score & Description

Complete

The response gives two major reasons for the concentration of China’s industry in the east of the country.

Partial

The response provides one reason for the concentration of China’s industrial development in the east of the country. The other reason where given is incorrect or insignificant.

Inappropriate

The response provides no major reason for the development of industry in the east of China.

 

Credited Responses could include the following:

Industrial Development on China’s Eastern Regions–Explanation

 

 

 The land is flatter or more suitable for development of industry.

 The Central and Western regions of China are mountainous and arid . The population of China is concentrated in the Eastern regions (OK to say "all the people" or "most people").

 The Eastern regions of China are more accessible to other countries; proximity to the sea; import and export of goods is easier.

 

Notes: Correct reasons may be negatively stated: for example, "away from the desert, or away from the mountains."

 

Answers such as crops, better farmland, raising livestock, etc. must be connected to industrial development to get credit as a major reason.

 

Connection must be made to industry.

 

Also accept:

 

 trade with Japan, near water to export;

 by a seaport;

 close to water;

 source of energy; and/or

 waterways used as trade.

 

Question 79 refers to Atlas [2]                                               

79.    Look at the map of Antarctica in the atlas. South of the 60° line of latitude one would expect to find

A.     floating icebergs

B.     no animal or insect life

C.     commercial shipping lanes

D.     Inuit settlements

 

Key

 A

Question 80 refers to Atlas [2]                                               

80.    Look at the natural vegetation map of North America on page 22 of the atlas and the map of corn production in the United States on page 31. What is the natural vegetation of the major corn-producing areas of the United States?

A.     Grassland and broadleaf forest

B.     Steppe and tundra

C.     Needleleaf forest and Mediterranean

D.     Desert and tropical rain forest

 

Key

 A

Question 81 refers to Atlas [2]                                               

81.    Turn to the World Facts on the inside back cover of the atlas. Using the appropriate information from the tables, sketch bars on the blank graph below to show the approximate areas of the continents listed in square miles (to the nearest million).

Provide a scale to explain your graph.

 

 

 

Asia

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Africa

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Europe

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Antarctica

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scoring Guide

 

Score & Description

Complete

The response sketches in accurately the approximate area of all four continents as given below and includes an accurate scale with units.

Partial

The response sketches in accurately the relative proportion of the continents but is not correct in all details or it lacks a scale.  OR, the response accurately graphs the sizes of 2 or 3 of the continents, but there are errors in relative proportions.

Inappropriate

The response does not provide a sketch showing the approximate areas of any of the continents listed  OR the response provides an inaccurate sketch with or without a scale.

 

Credited responses could include the following:

Approximate areas of the continents (in millions of square miles)

 

     Asia: 17

     Africa: 12 or 11.6

     Europe: 4

     Antarctica: 5.5, 6.0.

 

Note: Square kilometers accepted instead of square miles as long as they are used consistently.