Geography :Pretest/ Assessment Grade 4 ( Question and Answers)

Grade 4 : Geography Pretest/ assessment ( Questions and answers)

Type

Multiple Choice (48)Short Constructed Response (19)Extended Constructed Response (7)

 

Content Area

Space and Place (35)Environment and Society (19)Spatial Dyn. & Connections (20)

 

Cognitive Level

Knowing (37) Understanding (25) Applying (12)

 

Atlas [1]

These documents are in PDF format. Click on the appropriate link to explore the maps.

 

 

 pages 5-29, plus inside page

 pages 30-55

 pages 56-79

 pages 80-95

 

Atlas [2]

These documents are in PDF format. Click on the appropriate link to explore the maps.

 

 

 pages 6-57

 pages 60-85, index and world facts

 

Question 1 refers to Atlas [1]                                                 

1.   Look at the map of Africa on page 55 of the atlas. Which of the following countries is north of the equator and west of the prime meridian?

A.     Sudan

B.     Congo

C.     Mauritania

D.     Egypt

 

Key

 C

Question 2 refers to Atlas [1]                                                 

2.   Look at the pie charts on page 85 of the atlas. Which of the following countries has the largest percentage of the world’s population?

A.     China

B.     Indonesia

C.     Pakistan

D.     India

 

Key

 A

Question 3 refers to Atlas [1]                                                 

3.   A megalopolis is defined as a "supercity" made up of large cities with highly populated areas in between them. Look at the United States population map on page 41 of the atlas. Which pair of cities is part of a megalopolis?

A.     Denver and Salt Lake City

B.     Oklahoma City and Dallas

C.     Boston and New York City

D.     Kansas City and St. Louis

 

Key

 C

Question 4 refers to Atlas [1]                                                 

The following question is based on the maps of Africa on pages 56 and 57 of the atlas.

 

 

4.   Locate Egypt and Nigeria on the Growing Season, Natural Vegetation, and Annual Rainfall maps on pages 56 and 57 of the atlas. For each map, write down one difference between the two countries.

 

1. Difference in Growing Season

 

__________________________________________________________________

 

__________________________________________________________________

2. Difference in Natural Vegetation

 

__________________________________________________________________

 

__________________________________________________________________

3. Difference in Annual Rainfall

 

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

 

Scoring Guide

Sample Correct Responses:

Student is able to identify differences between two countries based on a series of maps showing national features related to agriculture (rainfall, etc.)

 

Score & Description

Complete

Student lists three differences between Egypt and Nigeria that can be seen from the maps.

Partial

Student lists one or two differences between Egypt and Nigeria that can be seen from the maps.

Inappropriate

Student lists no differences between Egypt and Nigeria that can be seen from the maps.

 

Credited responses could include:

 Nigeria has an all-year growing season throughout the country, Egypt only in the northern and eastern parts (mostly 8-12 months except along coasts).

OR: Egypt grows more (implies length of season).

 Egypt has barren land but Nigeria doesn’t.

 More plants grow in Nigeria (not "more vegetables/veggies/crops", because they are not natural vegetation).

 Nigeria’s vegetation is mostly savanna and broadleaf forest; Egypt is mostly scrubland (with some barren land, scrub and grass, and broadleaf forest).

 Egypt receives much less rainfall than Nigeria (Nigeria: about 40-80 inches per year, more than 20 inches per year, or more specifically, some parts have over 80, some parts 40-80, some parts 20-40. Egypt: 0-10 inches per year). Acceptable to say that Egypt receives no rain.

Not credited:

 "Nigeria has a higher standard of living."

 Statements of similarity rather than difference should not be credited.

 Much of Egypt, but not much of Nigeria, is in the Sahara desert.

 "Egypt has more coastline than Nigeria."

 Nigeria is located on the Atlantic Ocean, Egypt on the Mediterranean and Red Seas.

 "Nigeria is closer to the equator."

 "Egypt is more to the north."

 Answers that compare size of the two countries

 

Question 5 refers to Atlas [1]                                                 

The following question is based on the maps of Africa on pages 56 and 57 of the atlas.

 

 

5.   Based on the maps, would it be easier to make a living from farming in Egypt or in Nigeria? Mark an X next the country you choose.

 

Egypt__              Nigeria__

Give two reasons to explain your answer.

 

Reason 1:

 

 

__________________________________________________________________

 

__________________________________________________________________

Reason 2:

 

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

 

Scoring Guide

Sample Correct Responses:

Student demonstrates ability to synthesize information from several maps showing information about vegetation and rainfall to determine in which of two countries illustrated on the maps it would be easier to make a living from farming.

 

Score & Description

Complete

Student correctly identifies Nigeria as the country where it would be easier to make a living from farming and provides two acceptable reasons why.

Partial

Student correctly identifies Nigeria as the country where it would be easier to make a living from farming and provides one acceptable reason why.

Inappropriate

Student does not identify Nigeria as the country where it would be easier to make a living from farming or student identifies Nigeria, but does not provide any acceptable reason why.

 

Credited responses include:

 

First part:

   Nigeria

 

Second part:

  Separate categories (multiple selections from one category count as one reason):

     1. more rain/water in Nigeria ("rain/water" must have qualifier)

          lots of rain/water in Nigeria

          no/less rain in Egypt

         numerical statement of amount of rainfall in either country

          Egypt is dry

          Egypt has (more) desert

 

     2.  Nigeria has longer growing season (comparison not necessary)

          Egypt has short growing season

          Nigeria’s growing season is all year

 

     3. All of the following indicate type of soil, so count as one reason

          Nigeria has better cropland

          Nigeria has good land for growing

          sand in Egypt

          no sand in Nigeria

 

     4. All of the following indicate type of natural vegetation, so count as one reason

          Nigeria has (more) savanna

          Nigeria has (more) grass (Egypt also has some grass too, but very little)

          less/no barren land in Nigeria

          less/no scrubland in Nigeria

 

Not credited:

      Nigeria has better/more vegetation

      Nigeria has forest (forest soil is not necessarily fertile)

      You can grow more things there

      Better for planting (must mention soil/land)

      (Good) growing season (must be comparative)

      Lots of land to farm in Nigeria

      No water in Egypt

     Correct information in incorrect context:

          Not enough water to drink in Egypt

          Nigeria has more grass for cows to graze

Question 6 refers to Atlas [1]                                                 

The following question is based on the world map on pages 6 and 7 of the atlas and the complete legend on page 5.

 

6.   Which of the following places has ice caps and glaciers?

A.     Australia

B.     Greenland

C.     South America

D.     Africa

 

Key

 B

Question 7 refers to Atlas [1]                                                 

The following question is based on the world map on pages 6 and 7 of the atlas and the complete legend on page 5.

 

7.   Which two continents lie mainly in the tropics?

A.     Antarctica and Africa

B.     South America and Africa

C.     South America and Asia

D.     North America and Europe

 

Key

 B

Question 8 refers to Atlas [1]                                                 

8.   Using the map of the United States on pages 34 and 35, find the 40th parallel (40° N. latitude). Follow it from east to west. Which of the following state capitals is located nearest the 40th parallel?

A.     Columbus, Ohio

B.     Nashville, Tennessee

C.     Little Rock, Arkansas

D.     Salt Lake City, Utah

 

Key

 A

Question 9 refers to Atlas [1]                                                 

9.   Look at the map of South America on page 49. Which city is the capital of Peru?

A.     Quito

B.     Trujillo

C.     Buenos Aires

D.     Lima

 

Key

 D

Question 10 refers to Atlas [1]                                               

10.    Look at the map of the United States on pages 34 and 35 of the atlas and the map of growing seasons on page 37.

Name three states in which crops can be grown outdoors more than 10 months of the year.

 

 

  1.

__________________________________________________________________

 

  2.

__________________________________________________________________

 

  3.

__________________________________________________________________

 

 

 

 

Scoring Guide

Sample Correct Responses:

Using a map of the United Stated showing growing seasons, student demonstrates ability to determine in which states crops can be grown year-round.

 

Score & Description

Complete

Student correctly identifies 3 states

Partial

Student correctly identifies 1 or 2 states.

Inappropriate

Student does not correctly identify any state.

 

Credited responses could include:

 California

 Arizona

 Texas

 Louisiana

 Florida

 Hawaii

 

Question 11 refers to Atlas [1]                                               

The following question is based on the map of Asia on pages 78 and 79 of the atlas.

 

11.    Which of the following countries borders Iran?

A.     India

B.     Afghanistan

C.     Russia

D.     Uzbekistan

 

Key

 B

Question 12 refers to Atlas [1]                                               

The following question is based on the map of Asia on pages 78 and 79 of the atlas.

 

12.    Look again at the map of Asia. On the line below, write the name of an Asian country that is landlocked.

 

 

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

 

Scoring Guide

Sample Correct Responses:

Student demonstrates ability to identify a landlocked country on a map.

 

Score & Description

Complete

Response correctly identifies a landlocked country.

Inappropriate

Response does not identify a landlocked country.

 

Credited Responses:

Afghanistan, Armenia, Azerbajian, Bhutan, Kazakstan, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Mongolia, Nepal, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan

 

Note: If more than one country name is given, then each must be landlocked.

Question 13 refers to Atlas [1]                                               

13.    Look first at the irrigation map on page 38 and then look at the map of the United States on pages 34 and 35. Which state has the most irrigated land?

A.     Iowa

B.     Oklahoma

C.     Alabama

D.     Nebraska

 

Key

 D

Question 14 refers to Atlas [1]                                               

14.    Turn to the world physical map on pages 6 and 7 of the atlas. What is the elevation of the Plateau of Tibet in China?

A.     2,000–5,000 ft

B.     5,000–10,000 ft

C.     10,000–20,000 ft

D.     Over 20,000 ft

 

Key

 C

The following question refers to the map below.

 

 

15.    Write down the name of the state or district where you live.

 

I live in

__________________________________________________________________

 

Directly on the map, draw an "X" on the state or district where you live.

 

 

Scoring Guide

 

Score & Description

Complete

The X correctly locates the state or district written on the line.

Partial

The X does not point to precisely the correct point but is in the correct region, meaning a bordering state in most areas of the country. Could credit a non-bordering state in areas of New England where the states are more difficult to locate.

 

OR

 

Response indicates a city and correctly marks the map. Scorers should consult an atlas if needed to determine if the X is appropriately placed.

Inappropriate

The X is not located in the state or district identified, the state is written with NO X PROVIDED or the x is marked and NO STATE PROVIDED.

 

Notes:

 If multiple Xs are placed on the map and at least one is correct, score = 2.

 Count Lake Michigan as a bordering state. Example—If the state is Wisconsin and the X is in Lake Michigan, score = 2.

 Give the benefit of the doubt if:

 The x is placed on the border between two states (check with the magnifying tool)

 The student writes "Washington" as this may mean two different locations

 The student is trying to locate a very small state or district, e.g., District of Columbia, Rhode Island, etc.

 

 Delaware, Maryland, and Washington DC must be south of New Jersey.

 Rhode Island or Connecticut must be North of New Jersey, and in New England area

 New York must be north of Pennsylvania.

 If student gives town, city, or county along with state and correct placement of X, score = 3

 If response is a district such as "District X," that is impossible to verify, score it as illegible.

Not acceptable:

 "Unites States" or "America"

 Puerto Rico, San Juan, Puerto Rico

 Salvador

 Mexico

 latitude and longitude coordinates without state

 

The following question refers to the map below.

 

 

16.    The number 1 on the map shows

A.     Hudson Bay

B.     the Great Salt Lake

C.     Lake Superior

D.     the Gulf of California

 

Key

 C

The following question refers to the map below.

 

 

17.    The number 2 on the map is on the

A.     Colorado River

B.     Columbia River

C.     Mississippi River

D.     Delaware River

 

Key

 C

The following question refers to the map below.

 

 

18.    About how much of South America has a growing season of over 240 days?

A.     10%

B.     25%

C.     75%

D.     100%

 

Key

 C

The following question refers to the map below.

 

 

19.    The information on the map shows that

A.     Brazil has a shorter growing season than Argentina has

B.     New York has a longer growing season than Chicago has

C.     Alaska can grow a greater variety of crops than Florida can

D.     Colombia can grow a greater variety of crops than Canada can

 

Key

 D

20.    The world’s largest ocean is the

A.     Atlantic

B.     Arctic

C.     Indian

D.     Pacific

 

Key

 D

The following question is based on the map below.

 

 

21.    Where would a large city be most likely to develop?

A.     In the northeast corner of Nation B

B.     Where the Charles River meets the sea

C.     the eastern part of Nation D

D.     Near the source of the Red River

 

Key

 B

The following question is based on the map below.

 

 

22.    Which two nations are most likely to have a conflict over mineral resources?

A.     Nation A and Nation B

B.     Nation A and Nation C

C.     Nation A and Nation D

D.     Nation C and Nation D

 

Key

 C

The following question is based on the map below.

 

 

23.    Which nation is likely to have a steel industry? Explain why.

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

 

Scoring Guide

 

Score & Description

Complete

The response identifies Nation A and explains that it has both the coal and iron needed to make steel.

Partial

The response identifies Nation A with an incorrect, incomplete (it contains iron or coal), or no explanation; for example, it explains that Nation A is probable because it is the biggest country, or has access to the ocean.

Inappropriate

The response does not identify Nation A. (Response may or may not explain that both iron and coal are needed to make steel.)

 

Student will demonstrate an understanding that a country having coal or iron deposits is at an advantage in the production of steel.

Notes:

 

Complete

 

 As long as response lists both coal and iron, ignore references to oil, or the relationship of iron to steel.

 Accept "all the mineral resources" as indicating both iron and coal.

 Accept A if it stands alone without the word country or nation, and it clearly is not part of a sentence.

 

Inappropriate

 

 If student identifies Country A and another country, response is inappropriate. Must have Country A alone to receive credit.

 Do not accept "many resources," "a couple of resources" or "it has all the materials."

 

24.    Florida is an example of

A.     an isthmus

B.     an island

C.     a peninsula

D.     a plateau

 

Key

 C

25.    What is an important reason that countries join international organizations like the United Nations?

A.     Countries who do not join usually lose their independence.

B.     Many of the world’s problems involve more than one country.

C.     Most citizens want their countries to join as many international organizations as possible.

D.     Such organizations force countries to join.

 

Key

 B

 

 

26.    Look at the photograph above. What would help farmers in this area grow more food?

A.     Cutting down forests

B.     Making terraces

C.     Building houses

D.     Irrigating the land

 

Key

 D

The following question is based on the map below, which shows public train routes.

 

 

27.    Which question could you answer based only on the information in the map?

A.     At what times do the public trains arrive?

B.     How much time does it take to go from Forest Hills to Oak Grove?

C.     How many miles is it from one station to another?

D.     How can one travel from Alewife to the Aquarium by public train?

 

Key

 D

The following question is based on the map below, which shows public train routes.

 

 

28.    Directly on the map, draw the most direct public train route you would take to get from Boston College to Braintree.

 

Scoring Guide

 

Score & Description

Complete

The response indicates the most direct, complete route with the correct origin and destination. This route goes from Boston College, to Park Street, to Washington, to Braintree.

Partial

The response indicates an indirect or incomplete route, but shows correct origin and destination.

Inappropriate

The response indicates an incorrect origin and/or destination, or draws a fictitious route.

 

Student demonstrates ability to determine a route between two points on a transit map.

Notes:

 

 Accept only routes drawn on the map itself. Redrawn maps, even if correct, receive a score of 1.

 Dots along the route that mark every stop are acceptable.

 Do not accept routes using the commuter rail line. This was scored the same as when a fictitious route was drawn. Score is 1.

 The drawn line must follow within half inch of the subway line to believe that they are following the path.

 The route may start any place along the Boston College line east of the intersection with the Cleveland Circle and Riverside lines.

 The route must go to at least the unmarked stop before Braintree. It may extend to the bottom edge of the map and still score a 3.

 If there are two ending or starting points, then the route is considered to be ambiguous and the score is 1.

 If the route goes through all the correct stops and continues through Braintree and past the bottom edge of the map, then the score is 2.

 

29.    LITTLE TOWN

 

 

 Width: 4.0 miles east to west

 Length: 3.0 miles north to south

 Main Street runs east to west through the town.

 The school is on the northeast side of town.

 Phelps Park is on the southwest side of town.

 Runt River runs north to south through the town.

On the grid below, each square is one mile wide and one mile long. Draw a map of Little Town on the grid. Draw the town’s borders. Then, use the symbols in the key below to draw the features listed above.

 

 

 

 

Scoring Guide

 

Score & Description

Complete

The response correctly locates all four features and draws the length and width to scale in the correct directions.

Essential

The response correctly locates four features but not to scale, or correctly locates three features and has the scale correct.

Partial

The response locates only one or two features and has the scale correct, or locates three features with an incorrect scale.

Inappropriate

The response correctly locates none of the features, and makes major errors in scale and direction, or has scale correct only, or locates one or two features with incorrect scale.

 

Student demonstrates ability to transfer written information into map form.

Notes:

 

Boundaries

 

 Allow for some jagged boundaries (up to half block).

 If there are no boundaries drawn, assume they used the whole grid and divide the entire region into four quadrants (northwest, southwest, northeast and southeast)

 If features extend beyond boundaries, treat the entire grid as the boundary (in which case drawing is no longer to scale). Maximum score is 3.

 If the boundaries are not drawn but are clearly implied, i.e., scale is correct and all four features are correct, score is 3.

 Boundaries need not be solid; they can be indicated by a solid line (box), lines at ends of road and river, dots in all four corners.

 Do not penalize if a boundary line extends beyond the correct distance as long as it is clear that the four correct boundaries of Little Town are in place.

School and Park

 Symbols for school and park must be more than half in the appropriate quadrant. They cannot be due north, east, west, or south.

 More than half of the symbol must be within the boundaries.

 If the same symbol is used more than once, it does not count.

 Give credit if response says "school" or "park" instead of containing the symbol.

Street and River

 The streets and river must run all the way through the town. (Allow half box latitude at each end.) If lines run past the boundaries to edge of the block, score is 3.

 Multiple streets or rivers which run in the same direction are acceptable.

 Incidental streets or rivers are ok as long as it is clear which is supposed to be Runt River and Main Street and they are properly drawn.

 Street may have some north/south direction as long as it is primarily east/west.

 Street must be drawn in all relevant boxes, not just the first and last boxes. Otherwise, no credit should be given for that feature.

 Street can be drawn as single line

 River must run more north/south than east/west.

 River must be drawn in all relevant boxes, not just the first and last box. Otherwise, no credit for that feature.

 Accept as symbol for the river a straight line with squiggly water markings next to it.

Do Not Accept

 Main Street or Runt River with no symbol or

 parallel points for school and park (must be clearly in northeast or southwest quadrants).

 

30.    Switzerland is located in the middle of which mountain range?

A.     Alps

B.     Andes

C.     Urals

D.     Pyrenees

 

Key

 A

 

 

31.    Read the passage above. What does Chief Seattle believe about owning land?

 

__________________________________________________________________

 

__________________________________________________________________

 

Many other people in the United States hold views on owning land different from those of Chief Seattle. What are these views?

 

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

 

Scoring Guide

 

Score & Description

Complete

The response accurately presents Seattle’s view on land and contrasts his view with one opposing view. Views on land may be drawn from the list given or include some other appropriate response.

Partial

The response explains Seattle’s view correctly, or the view held by many other people, but not both. Views about land may be drawn from the list given, or include some other appropriate response.

Inappropriate

The response does not show an understanding of Chief Seattle’s view or the view held by many other people in the United States.

 

Student demonstrates ability to understand the meaning of a passage credited to Chief Seattle and explains opposing views that are held by many people living in the United States.

Notes:

 

Directly copying a portion of the quotation was not accepted.

 

Credited responses could include

 

Seattle’s Views on Land

 

 Chief Seattle’s people do not own the land, and so cannot sell it.

 The value of land cannot be measured.

 Land is sacred and an integral part of the whole earth.

 You can’t be in charge of nature.

 It can’t be bought by people because it is sacred to my people.

 It isn’t right to own land.

 It is for all the people to share; one person’s land is another’s.

 Land is priceless; he thinks it is ridiculous.

Unacceptable Responses

Seattle’s View on Land

 

 We need to take care of it; treat the land well.

 It is for the people.

 It should not be bought.

 Don’t sell it to anyone.

 Just restating "the Earth is sacred …" should not be credited without some explanation.

Opposing Views on Land

 Land is property.

 Land has a monetary value.

 Land can be understood in isolation from the rest of the environment.

 Land can be bought and sold.

 Land can be bought and sold for individual profit.

 Owning land is good.

 Land is something for the taking.

 

The following question is based on the following map.

 

 

32.    Use your colored pencils. On the map above:

 color Australia blue

 

 color South America yellow

 

 color North America green

 

 color Asia red

 

 

Scoring Guide

 

Score & Description

Complete

The response correctly shows the location of the four continents and identifies them correctly by means of coloring.

Essential

The response correctly shows the location of three of the four continents and identifies them correctly by means of coloring.

Partial

The response correctly locates one or two of the continents and identifies them correctly by means of coloring.

Inappropriate

The response locates no continents correctly.

 

 

NB : 

Asia–must include Asia Minor, Arabian Peninsula

(can go up to 45° E i.e., Eastern edge of Black Sea)

N. America–with or without Greenland

(Tropic of Cancer and dividing line can be anywhere between the border of Columbia (bottom of Isthmus) OR can exclude central America completely)

 

Australia–with or without New Zealand, Tasmania, New Guinea

 

S. America–bottom of Isthmus, or ½ way between Yucatan Peninsula and Northern border of Columbia

 

 

 

The following question is based on the following map.

 

 

33.    About how wide is Africa at its widest point from west to east?

A.     650 miles

B.     1,500 miles

C.     3,500 miles

D.     7,000 miles

 

Key

 C

The following question is based on the following map.

 

 

34.    A ship carrying cars directly from Japan to Australia travels in which direction?

A.     North

B.     South

C.     East

D.     West

 

Key

 B

The following question is based on the following map.

 

 

35.    Imagine that you are the captain of a ship. You want to sail directly from the eastern coast of North America to Europe.

Directly on the map do the following:

 

1. Draw an arrow on the map showing your route to Europe.

 

2. Write the name of the ocean you cross.

 

 

Scoring Guide

 

Score & Description

Complete

The response correctly shows a route east from North America to Europe and labels the Atlantic Ocean.

Partial

The response either correctly shows a route east from North America to Europe, or labels the Atlantic Ocean.

Inappropriate

The response does not correctly show a route or label the Atlantic Ocean.

 

NB: Acceptable routes may have no arrowhead, an arrowhead at both ends, or an arrowhead pointing east. An arrowhead pointing west  only is unacceptable.

36.    Some people in Green County want to make their airport larger. The people who live near the airport are against this, probably because they are concerned about

A.     highway safety

B.     water pollution

C.     noise pollution

D.     global warming

 

Key

 C

37.    Describe two ways in which an increase in the use of cars can affect the environment.

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

 

Scoring Guide

 

Score & Description

Complete

The response correctly identifies two effects of cars on the environment. Correct answers may include those on the list given or some other appropriate answer.

Partial

The response correctly identifies one effect of cars on the environment. Correct answers may include those on the list given or some other appropriate answer. A second effect, if present, is incorrect or trivial. For example, "cars help the environment since less people walk or are outdoors."

Inappropriate

The response does not correctly identify any effect of cars on the environment.

 

 

 Credited responses could include the following:

 cause noise pollution;

 cause air pollution;

 destroy natural environment (construction of roads, bridges, etc.);

 use scarce natural resources;

 greater numbers of cars increase the demand for oil, thus increasing the possibilities for tanker oil spills (ocean pollution); and/or

 depletion of oil supplies.

 

38.    Which landforms were most likely created by the eruption of volcanoes?

A.     Plains

B.     Mountains

C.     Canyons

D.     Deltas

 

Key

 B

The following question is based on the picture below.

 

 

39.    What does number 1 on the picture show?

A.     Evaporation

B.     Rain

C.     Condensation

D.     Erosion

 

Key

 A

The following question is based on the picture below.

 

 

40.    What would be the best title for this picture?

A.     The Tides

B.     The Water Cycle

C.     The Seasons

D.     Ocean Currents

 

Key

 B

41.    Which religion is practiced by most people in the United States?

A.     Islam

B.     Judaism

C.     Hinduism

D.     Christianity

 

Key

 D

 

 

42.    On the map above, write the names of the North Pole, the South Pole, and the equator in the correct location.

 

Scoring Guide

 

Score & Description

Complete

The response correctly labels all three features on the map.

Partial

The response correctly identifies the location of one or two features on the map.

Inappropriate

The response does not correctly locate any of the three features.

 

Credited Responses as follows:

 the  North Pole at the top of the map;

 the  South Pole at the bottom of the map; and

 the  Equator in the map’s center.

 

43.    1) In the box below, draw a map of an island.

2) On the island, put in the following details:

 

 Mountains along the west coast

 A lake in the north

 Houses along the east coast

 Forests in the south

 

Be sure to use the symbols shown in the key below.

 

Use your colored pencils to help you draw the map.

 

 

 

 

 

Scoring Guide

 

Score & Description

Complete

The response indicates all of the elements given below.

Essential

The response indicates three or four of the elements given below.

Partial

The response indicates one or two of the elements given below.

Inappropriate

The response does not include any of the elements given below.

 

For ease of scoring, an imaginary pair of intersecting lines may be thought to run through the island in such a way that one line runs north to south, bisecting the island into eastern and western halves, and the other line runs east to west, bisecting the island into northern and southern halves.

Credited responses:

 

  1. The perimeter of the island is enclosed by a continuous line which may be smooth or jagged or a combination of both.

  2. Mountains to the west (left) of the imaginary vertical (north to south) line are as close to the western perimeter as possible.

  3. A lake is constructed anywhere within the perimeter north (above) of the imaginary horizontal (east to west) line.

  4. Houses to the east (right) of the vertical (north to south) line are as close to the eastern perimeter as possible.

  5. A forest is constructed anywhere within the perimeter south (below) of the imaginary horizontal (east to west) line.

 

44.    Most air and water pollution is caused by

A.     ocean currents

B.     people

C.     earthquakes

D.     animals

 

Key

 B

 

 

45.    Divide the imaginary continent shown above into three countries. The boundaries of these countries should follow the natural features of the continent. Use your colored pencils to draw in the country boundaries and then shade in the three countries in different colors.

 

Scoring Guide

 

Score & Description

Complete

The response correctly places three boundaries that follow the natural features of the continent and defines three and only three countries. The countries must be colored in. Some leeway is allowed for arbitrary decisions involving the end of the mountain range or desert.

Partial

The response places only one boundary that correctly follows the features of the landscape, and colors in the country, or response is correct but a section of land is left outside the three countries, or response is correct but the countries are not completely colored in.

Inappropriate

The response does not correctly place any of the boundaries.

 

NB: Merely identifying (or shading) mountain range or desert does not satisfy requirements for a country.

46.    Tom is able to wear lightweight clothing all year round. He probably lives near the

A.     Arctic Circle

B.     British Isles

C.     South Pole

D.     Equator

 

Key

 D

 

 

47.    Look at the elevation profile of South Asia. Which country has the lowest average elevation?

A.     Pakistan

B.     India

C.     Nepal

D.     Bhutan

 

Key

 B

48.    Many people migrate from one country to another. What is an important reason why many of these people want to leave their countries?

 

__________________________________________________________________

 

__________________________________________________________________

 

__________________________________________________________________

 

What is an important reason why people might choose to move to the United States?

 

 

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

 

Scoring Guide

 

Score & Description

Complete

The response correctly identifies a reason for migration and a reason for choosing to move to the United States.

Partial

The response identifies either a reason for migration or a reason for choosing to move to the United States.

Inappropriate

The response does not correctly identify a significant reason why people migrate from a country or a reason why people choose to move to the United States.

 

NB: Both reasons can be from the perspective of the country being left or from the perspective of the United States.

Credited Responses could include:

 

Reasons for leaving country, as follows:

 

 economic hardship;

 oppression and persecution (political, religious, racial, or ethnic); or

 war.

 

Reasons for choosing the United States, as follows:

 

 economic opportunity;

 religious, political, or cultural freedom; or

 relatives in the United States.

 It allows you to do what you want (freedom).

 

Do NOT accept the following:

 

 "They come because there is no crime in the United States."

 References to the weather.

 References to pollution.

 "It’s a good place to live."

 "It’s a better place."

 

The following question refers to the map of Milltown below.

 

 

49.    If Central Bridge is closed for repairs, what will happen in Milltown?

A.     Traffic will move faster.

B.     Upper Bridge will have more traffic.

C.     Central Avenue will have more traffic.

D.     The shopping center will close down.

 

Key

 B

The following question refers to the map of Milltown below.

 

 

50.    If Central Bridge is closed for repairs, what will probably happen to the steel mill workers who live on Avenue B?

A.     They will have to drive farther to work.

B.     They will lose their jobs because the mill will close.

C.     They will get to work faster.

D.     They will have to move south of the river.

 

Key

 A

The following question refers to the following chart.

 

 

MAJOR EXPORTS OF THREE COUNTRIES

Country A

Oil

Natural Gas

Coconuts

 

Country B

Cars

Televisions

Cameras

 

Country C

Computers

Airplanes

Wheat

 

 

 

 

 

51.    The situation shown in the chart will probably lead to

A.     trade among all three countries

B.     trade only between countries A and B

C.     trade only between countries B and C

D.     a decision by each country to produce all nine goods listed

 

Key

 A

The following question refers to the following chart.

 

 

MAJOR EXPORTS OF THREE COUNTRIES

Country A

Oil

Natural Gas

Coconuts

 

Country B

Cars

Televisions

Cameras

 

Country C

Computers

Airplanes

Wheat

 

 

 

 

 

52.    Is the United States most likely country A, B, or C?

Give one reason why.

 

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

 

Scoring Guide

 

Score & Description

Complete

The response correctly identifies country C and gives one appropriate reason why.

Partial

The response correctly identifies C but gives either no reason why, or an inappropriate reason for the choice.

Inappropriate

The response does not correctly identify C, nor does it provide appropriate reasons why the country chosen would be the United States.

 

Examples of acceptable reasons as follows:

 The U.S. is a major producer of these products.

 The U.S. produces more of the product than it needs.

 

The following question is based on the picture below.

 

 

53.    What type of land use does the picture show?

A.     Recreational

B.     Farming

C.     Industrial

D.     Mining

 

Key

 C

The following question is based on the picture below.

 

 

54.    Explain how the activity shown in the picture might harm the people who live in the area.

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

 

Scoring Guide

 

Score & Description

Complete

a. Pollution is obvious or strongly implied and tied to some specific health problem (e.g., damaged lungs, difficult to breathe, death)

 

OR

b. a specific health problem such as those listed above without linking it to pollution

 

OR

c. safety issue (e.g., explosion, fire, evacuation).

Inappropriate

The response does not identify pollution or any adverse effect.

 

The following question is based on the picture below.

 

 

55.    Explain how the activity shown in the picture might help people who live in the area.

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

 

Scoring Guide

 

Score & Description

Complete

The response identifies one benefit of this activity.

Inappropriate

The response does not correctly identify any benefit of this activity.

 

Credited Responses could include:

Effects of Activity, as follows:

 

 creates jobs;

 provides a specific service (e.g., water treatment); and/or

 provides a specific product for people (e.g., water, oil, gas, power) or that product is more readily available.

 

56.   

 

WAYS TO GET RID OF WASTE

 

 Dumping far out in the ocean

 Burning

 Recycling

��� Burying in landfills

 

 

 

 

From the list above, select one method of getting rid of waste and identify one advantage and one disadvantage of this method.

 

Method of waste disposal:

__________________________________________________________________

 

Advantage:

 

__________________________________________________________________

 

__________________________________________________________________

 

Disadvantage:

 

 

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

 

Scoring Guide

 

Score & Description

Complete

The response accurately describes an advantage and disadvantage of one method of waste disposal. Explanations should be both specific to that method and geographically logical. Correct answers may be drawn from the list given or include some other appropriate response.

Partial

The response describes either an advantage  or a disadvantage. Correct answers may be drawn from the list given or include some other appropriate response. If present, the other description is incorrect or trivial, as in, "dumping waste in oceans has no effect on us," or "it takes a long time to dump waste in oceans."

Inappropriate

The response does not accurately describe an advantage or a disadvantage of a given method of waste disposal.

 

Credited responses could include the following:

Ocean Dumping

 

Advantages

 

 Easy, low cost solution

 No costly land wasted for landfills

 No unsightly incinerators and landfills

 Requires no technology

 It can’t be seen

 

Disadvantages

 

 Kills sea life (fish, birds, plants)

 Destroys fishing industry (especially shellfish)

 Ruins tourism (beaches closed for health and safety reasons)

 Water contamination

 

Burning Waste

 

Advantages

 

 Reduces cost and waste of land used for landfills

 Energy created as a byproduct (steam and electricity)

 Recycling of useful products often accompanies burning

 Can be economical option (in some cases, low waste transportation costs)

 

Disadvantages

 

 The production of ash and toxic gases

 Air pollution

 Costly to regulate and check safety of process

 Difficulty finding a location for incinerator

 Opposition to siting

 

Recycling

 

Advantages

 

 Produces less pollution than other methods

 Preserves natural resources (examples include wood, minerals, fuel)

��� Reduces waste levels

 Reduces cost and waste of land used for landfills

 New uses for discarded items

 Increases public awareness of waste and pollution

 Encourages manufacturers to produce

 

Disadvantages

 

 Achieving the motivation and cooperation required

 Requires public education and enforcement

 Need to find a market for recycled products

 Not all things are recyclable

 Needs initial equipment that may be expensive (economic factor)

 Other types of pollution may be produced during recycling

 

Burying Waste

 

Advantages

 

 Cheap, although only in the short term

 Simple

 Low technology

 In areas with low population density, can be popular with public

 

Disadvantages

 

 High costs of transporting waste to distant landfills

 Shortage of affordable and available land

 Contamination of water, soil, and air

 Smell

 Opposition to siting

 Not all products are biodegradable

 

The following question is based on the highway map below.

 

 

57.    The map shows that one part of the country has more major highways than the other part of the country. Why is this?

A.     There are more people and cities in the eastern part of the country.

B.     It is easier to build highways in the eastern part of the country.

C.     Cars are not an important form of transportation in the western part of the country.

D.     States are larger in the western part of the country.

 

Key

 A

The following question is based on the highway map below.

 

 

58.    To drive from Los Angeles to Salt Lake City in the most direct way, one would travel

A.     southeast

B.     southwest

C.     northeast

D.     northwest

 

Key

 C

59.    Describe two important effects that a major oil spill in an ocean can have on the environment or on people’s lives.

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

 

Scoring Guide

 

Score & Description

Complete

The response describes two effects of an oil spill. Effects described may be environmental (for example, pollutes beaches, pollutes air, kills living organisms), economic (for example, ruins fishing industry, ruins tourism industry), or political (for example, causes disputes over who is responsible for cleanup).

Partial

The response describes one effect of an oil spill.

Inappropriate

The response does not describe any effect of oil spills.

 

60.    Many children all over the world know what rock-and-roll music is. What has made this possible?

A.     Most children study foreign languages in school.

B.     Books about rock and roll are now available to all students.

C.     Most schools now teach students about different kinds of music.

D.     Communications systems like television and radio have helped the music spread.

 

Key

 D

Question 61 refers to Atlas [2]                                               

61.    Open the atlas to the world map showing land use on page 14.

Which of the following continents has the most manufacturing and trade?

 

A.     Australia

B.     Europe

C.     Africa

D.     South America

 

Key

 B

Question 62 refers to Atlas [2]                                               

62.    If you wanted to find out which page in the atlas had a map that showed the city of Dakar, where would you look?

A.     The World Map Projections pages

B.     The Index

C.     The World Facts page

D.     The Earth Notes page

 

Key

 B

Question 63 refers to Atlas [2]                                               

The following question is based on the maps of Africa on pages 60-63 of the atlas.

 

63.    Look at the physical map of Africa on page 60. Which region in Africa has the highest elevations?

A.     Northern coast

B.     Western coast

C.     Southwestern

D.     Eastern

 

Key

 D

Question 64 refers to Atlas [2]                                               

The following question is based on the maps of Africa on pages 60-63 of the atlas.

 

64.    Look at the political map of Africa on page 61. Of the following four cities in southern Africa, which is a national capital?

A.     Luanda, Angola

B.     Durban, South Africa

C.     Kananga, Zaire

D.     Bulawayo, Zimbabwe

 

Key

 A

Question 65 refers to Atlas [2]                                               

The following question is based on the maps of Africa on pages 60-63 of the atlas.

 

65.    Look first at the political map of Africa on page 61, and then look at the population map on page 63. Which country in West Africa is the most densely populated?

A.     Liberia

B.     Mauritania

C.     Mali

D.     Nigeria

 

Key

 D

Question 66 refers to Atlas [2]                                               

66.    Look at the map on the top of page 65. What is a reason why the countries surrounding the Persian Gulf are important to many other countries in the world?

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

 

Scoring Guide

 

Score & Description

Complete

The response mentions that the countries surrounding the Persian Gulf region are important because of the number of oilfields located there.

Inappropriate

The response does not identify any reasons why the Persian Gulf is important to the rest of the world.

 

Acceptable: petroleum, fossil fuel, oil, crude

Not acceptable: gasoline, oil spill, OPEC, or inaccurate responses such as

 

 "so the ships know where to take the oil"

 

Question 67 refers to Atlas [2]                                               

67.    Look at the population and landscape map of China on page 72 of the atlas.

What area of the country is densely populated (crowded)?

 

 

__________________________________________________________________

 

__________________________________________________________________

 

Give two reasons why this area of the country is densely populated.

 

 

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

 

Scoring Guide

 

Score & Description

Complete

The response correctly identifies an area of population concentration (the east coastal area or Sichuan Basin). It explains this by drawing on  two of the explanations given in the list below or gives some other appropriate response.

Essential

The response correctly identifies an area of population concentration (east coastal area or Sichuan Basin). It explains this by stating one of the explanations given in the list below or gives some other appropriate response.

Partial

The response correctly identifies an area of population concentration, but does not correctly explain why the population is concentrated there.

Inappropriate

The response does not correctly identify an area of population concentration, and does not explain the population is concentrated in certain areas.

 

Acceptable areas of population concentration include:

 East coastal area

 Southeastern area

 Sichuan Basin

 Names of specific cities

 

Reasons for population concentration:

 

 Coastal areas have flat land, suitable for building and agriculture.

 The coastal area allows trade with other countries.

 The area has a lot of business, industry and manufacturing.

 Oceans and rivers are important to settlement (if they specify a reason such as transportation, agriculture, household use, industry or fishing).

 Much of China is mountainous or desert and is not suitable to settlement.

 Government administrative center; capital (also major cities)

 

Question 68 refers to Atlas [2]                                               

68.    Look at the three maps of Canada on pages 38 and 39 of the atlas. Give two reasons why the major highways are mostly in the southern part of the country.

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

 

Scoring Guide

 

Score & Description

Complete

The response gives two correct reasons. These may be drawn from the list given or include some other appropriate response.

Partial

The response gives one correct reason. The second reason, if present, is incorrect or trivial. For example, "people in the North cannot drive."

Inappropriate

The response does not identify any correct reasons for the concentration of highways in the south.

 

Credited responses could include:

 The population is concentrated in the South.

 Most economic activity is in the South (may mention industry, agriculture, forestry, livestock, business, ranching) OR there is little or no commercial activity in the north

 Climatic conditions make the north less conducive to habitation OR it is warmer in the south

 Proximity to the United States border

 They link major cities.

 The South is where the major cities are located.

All responses must be based on the map information.

Question 69 refers to Atlas [2]                                               

69.    Look at the world map on pages 6 and 7 of the atlas. What two units of measurement are used on this map to show distance?

A.     Feet and meters

B.     Miles and kilometers

C.     Square miles and square kilometers

D.     Inches and millimeters

 

Key

 B

Question 70 refers to Atlas [2]                                               

70.    Look at the maps of South America on page 48 of the atlas. Which area of South America gets over 80 inches of rainfall each year?

 

__________________________________________________________________

 

__________________________________________________________________

 

__________________________________________________________________

 

What is the natural vegetation of this area?

 

 

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

 

Scoring Guide

 

Score & Description

Complete

The response correctly identifies one of the areas shown below. It notes that tropical rain forests or rain forests grow in this area. If rainforest (tropical rain forest) is given as the answer to the 1st part of the question, the second part should contain a description such as trees and shrubs.

Partial

The response correctly identifies the location of the rainiest area or describes the vegetation, but does not do both.

Inappropriate

The response does not correctly identify the rainiest area as the northwest through central. It does not note that tropical rain forests grow in this area.

 

Credited Responses:

 area in the north, northwest, northeast, southern Andes region, equator, Amazon basin, Amazon rain forest, or the rain forest region as the rainiest area

 Peru, Ecuador, Columbia, Venezuela, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile

 purple area

 southwest (Chile)

 

NOTE: If the first response is the southwest or Chile, then the type of natural vegetation should be mixed forest, mediterranean or high mountain.

 

Accept trees, shrubs and plant as the vegetation ONLY if the area is designated as tropical rain forest or rain forest.

 

Question 71 refers to Atlas [2]                                               

71.    Look at the cross section of South America on page 49 of the atlas. Which of the following is the highest?

A.     Lake Titicaca

B.     Gran Chaco

C.     Parana River

D.     Brazilian Highlands

 

Key

 A

Question 72 refers to Atlas [2]                                               

72.    Look at the bar graph on page 31. The graph shows United States energy production and consumption.

Using this graph, compare the United States consumption (use) of oil with its production of oil.

 

 

__________________________________________________________________

 

__________________________________________________________________

 

__________________________________________________________________

 

Name one problem that this can cause for the United States.

 

 

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

 

Scoring Guide

 

Score & Description

Complete

The response correctly explains that the United States consumes more oil than it produces. It may mention that the United States produces 17-18 quadrillion BTUs but consumes 33-34 quadrillion BTUs. It also explains that this can lead to a problem, such as those listed.

Acceptable answers for production range between 15-20 and acceptable answers for consumption range between 30-35. Answers outside this range can not be scored a "Complete".

 

Partial

The response correctly explains that the United States consumes more oil than it produces, or it identifies a problem such as those given,  but it does not do both.

Inappropriate

The response does not explain that the United States uses more oil than it produces. It does not explain that this may cause a problem such as those listed.

 

Credited Responses for the comparison

 actual numbers

 a difference that is between 10 and 20 quadrillion BTUs

    (eg., We use 17 quadrillion BTUS more than we produce.)

 higher, more, or greater when it is clear whether it is consumption or production (eg., We use more.)

 

Credited Responses for the problem include:

 

 Shortages

 We’ll run out

 We need to buy it or import it

 Lack of energy or lack of heat

 

 Dependence on foreign countries

 have to buy oil from other countries

 

��� Trade imbalance

��� High cost of energy

 

Unacceptable Reasons for the problem

 

 We don’t have a lot of oil

 Could lose money

 "We use way too much" or responses that indicate a dependence on oil in general, not due to producing less than we consume

 "It is higher" or responses which compare two numbers without clarifying the meaning such as "35 to 18"

 loss of oil

 taxes can go higher

 

Question 73 refers to Atlas [2]                                               

The following question is about the world map on pages 8 and 9 of the atlas.

 

73.    Which of these four countries is crossed by the equator?

A.     Bolivia

B.     Australia

C.     India

D.     Indonesia

 

Key

 D

Question 74 refers to Atlas [2]                                               

The following question is about the world map on pages 8 and 9 of the atlas.

 

74.    Which of these four countries is the furthest south?

A.     South Africa

B.     Uruguay

C.     New Zealand

D.     Zaire

 

Key

 C